Dr. Marc Kosciejew, Lecturer of Library, Information, and Archive Sciences
University of Malta
Dr. Marc Kosciejew is a Lecturer and former Head of Department of Library, Information, and Archive Sciences at the University of Malta. He has been published in scholarly and professional journals, lectured in Europe and North America, and researched and presented worldwide.
In 2016/2017 he was appointed by Malta’s Minister for Education and Employment to serve as Chairperson of the Malta Libraries Council (MLC), a government appointed council stipulated in the Malta Libraries Act, 2011, to provide strategic advice to the National Library, public library system, and the national Minister responsible for libraries.
In 2016 he lectured at the Tate Modern in London, UK, on documentation science and materialism, as part of the New Materialism Training School, Research Genealogies and Material Practices.
In 2007 he conducted research in North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) on aspects of the reclusive state’s public library system, becoming one of the first English-speakers to present and publish on this specific topic.
We have entered the era of post-truth. It is an era in which fake information has considerable influence over people’s perceptions and beliefs to the detriment of factual and credible information. Post-truth has become so forceful that the Oxford Dictionaries declared it the 2016 International Word of the Year. It is defined as “relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief”. Post-truth involves consuming, and even willingly embracing, dubious, misleading, or questionable information, even when credible and factual information is available, because it agrees or aligns with one’s personal perspectives. Indeed, fake information – facilitated by the internet, social media, apps, and information communication technologies (ICTs) – is blurring the boundaries between fact and fiction. The boundaries are blurring to the point that the former is becoming nearly indistinguishable from the latter. This presentation discusses how information literacy can help counter fake information’s corrosive effects. It presents the twin approaches of identifying fake information and locating credible information to help provide some practical ways in which to address this growing challenge. Adopting these approaches can help begin to reverse the blurring between real and fake information.