Jean-Claude Guédon (retired professor of comparative literature) started his career in science studies. His not altogether voluntary move to a comparative literature – his former department had been closed down – led him to focus on the communication and material side of literary endeavours. In turn, this perspective led him to study the computer networks emerging in the late 1970s and 1980s, in particular the Minitel and Internet networks. It also led to creating an electronic journal named Surfaces which began publishing in 1991 and continued until 2001. After several year collaborating with the Internet Society, his interests shifted to Open Access and its many implications. Present at the well-known Budapest meeting of 2001 which led to the Budapest Open Access Inititative, he has been very active on that front ever since. From 2002 until 2006, he was active within the Open Society Institutes (now “Foundations”) which financed the early open access projects. After 2007, he has regularly acted as expert with the European Commission on open access issues. Since 2010, he is a truste of the Nexa – Internet and Society – rresearch centre at the Turin Politecnico. Presently, he chairs the Expert Group “The future of scholarly co mmunication” for the European Commission.
L’accès libre: un devoir moral et scientifique.
Plus de quinze ans sont passé de la Budapest Open Access Initiative. Si depuis 2002, les pratiques et les politiques institutionnelles ont commencé à se développer, on est encore loin de objectif que se proposait le groupe de Budapest: “within the next ten years, OA will become the default method for distributing new peer-reviewed research in every field and country.”
Dans cette table ronde nous entendons revenir sur les enjeux théoriques, politiques et scientifiques de l’accès libre et faire le point sur les politiques institutionnelles existantes.